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Camus was a cautiously optimistic humanist and moralist: He believed that, for all their colossal failings, people are inherently decent – when given a chance. The chapter is structured in this way: Rambert contacts Gonzales and his agents, then discusses his leaving with Rieux. Thus he says to Rambert that the journalist would not be happy if he stayed, that he would be dishonest with himself and with Rieux. The narrator reveals several unexpected reactions of his own — unexpected because he is usually reticent about his personal life and unexpected because they are confessions of his feelings of loss. 12 Total Resources View Text Complexity Discover Like Books Audio Excerpt from The Plague; Grade; 7-12; Year Published 1948. Because Rieux uses more of Tarrou's notebooks at this point, we can probably assume that the truth about Oran is probably impossible to ascertain if one were to consult its newspapers during the plague period. Rieux, meanwhile, walks alone through the celebrating crowds to the outskirts of town, seeing couples passionately embracing each other and their joy. get away from earth awhile And then come back to it and begin over.". Even Cottard, Tarrou notes, begins to toss off ironic comments. But this is how the plague began — against all the rules. Removing #book# Rieux has not explained; he has allowed us to know only what he knew before this night. Tarrou's plan of the civilian sanitary squads was conceived because of the plague's dramatic emergency. They have yearned for and attained love, he thinks, at least for the moment. The only person who seems perfectly at ease – in fact, doing better than ever before – is Cottard. His bare chest is described as glistening with sweat, like polished wood, as he paces. Tarrou: A Bold Character The audience believes that Dr. Rieux is unchanging in his beliefs and perceptions and this could very well be true. Like “Thus each of us had to be content to live only for the day, alone under the vast indifference of the sky.” ― Albert Camus, The Plague. The hobby of Tarrou's father, insignificant and seeming strange to others, is definitive. As a contrast, Cottard, from Tarrou's notebook sketches, is presented, still happy and smiling. It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition. Rationally he knows he could have escaped with his wife, supervised her convalescence, and claimed that he was only doing what was his by "right of happiness." Chronologically, Chapter 20 precedes most of 19; the latter, however, was used as an overall review of characters after the crisis, plus the notebook jottings about Cottard, and for a graphic look at one of Oran's centers of pleasure. One seeks salvation for man, one seeks a definition of man through action, the other quests for a godless sainthood for himself. All these men have changed; unlike Cottard, each of them has sworn to maintain a personal revolt against the monstrous disease that threatens their city's entire population. Finally, Rieux’s friend Tarrou, a nonlocal of private means, organizes a group of volunteers to help the doctors, who are already teetering at the brink of collapse. Rambert is physically virile, animal-like, and powerfully built. At first, few heeded his call – the majority were convinced that Germany would win the war, and they supported Pétain’s authoritarian and anti-Semitic regime. He realized that he’d had the plague all along. The plague is still rampant and must be continuously contested. As he searches for the child's pulse, he feels an instinctive empathy attempting to pour his own strength into the boy; he aches to scream in protest against such vile injustice. The scene is inserted when Rieux is losing his endurance; in addition it regroups — besides Rieux-Tarrou and Rambert, plus Grand, Dr. Castel, and Father Paneloux together as multiple witnesses (and sufferers) of the death throes of M. Othon's young child. But Tarrou ignores this and enrolls his first team of voluntary “sanitary squads,” which are soon followed by others. Rieux was absolutely correct to juxtapose these two scenes. At present, the priest is visibly shaken by the ordeal; Rieux's anger disturbs him, and although he answers the doctors dogmatically, the boy's death will ferment within him and he will reconsider Rieux's angry assertion that because of the child's innocence they have been joined and bonded. His throat is clotted with a choking substance; later he looks as if he has been thrashed. Chinks begin to appear, metaphorically. The stadium once served as an arena for athletic events. Having moved to Paris in 1943, he joined the Resistance as chief editor of the influential clandestine newspaper Combat. The townspeople are disgusted and alarmed. Even the October rains do not cleanse the town of its hold and the townspeople continue to exist for the moment at hand, but see their present without a context. Only one of Rieux’s patients, an old asthmatic Spaniard who spends his days moving dried peas from one saucepan to another to keep track of time, seems to take pleasure in the situation: “They are coming out,” he exclaims blithely. Tarrou visits the stadium with Rambert and Gonzales, two former football players, and the contrasts between the past and the present are more evident because of the presence of these men. Castel starts to develop a vaccine based on the local variety of the plague bacillus, Grand acts as a general secretary to the squads, keeping the statistics of the disease, and even Father Paneloux ends up joining the effort. Tarrou's answer that he is less ambitious is exactly what Rieux said to Paneloux, after the priest had said that his goal was man's salvation. From the title, you know this book is about a plague. All of these characters are called to Othon's home to watch a last-resort experiment of Dr. Castel's new serum on the boy. But Rieux wages active revolt. This particular plague happens in a Algerian port town called Oran in the 1940s. Still summarizing, Rieux notes the profiteering based on, in addition to raincoats, food supplies. His logic is this: if man is ill, then that illness is a part of God's plan. If the serum is not effective, it is possible that plague will prove to be the victor. What more could they ask for? When Paneloux is stricken, he abides by his city's regulations and asks to be taken to the hospital, but in the early stages of his sickness, he refuses a doctor's help. Oran is a bustling yet dull port town on the Algerian coast, populated by hardworking, business-minded people who seldom look beyond their mundane habits – a place to live peacefully and unperturbed by the world at large. The hospital ward is filling up, so that the authorities are constrained to requisition a school to open an auxiliary hospital. They'll have to walk, might fall behind, and perhaps perish in the heat and fever of Oran's desert. But they are more or less ignorant, and it is this that we call vice or virtue.”. Both men had early experienced the conviction that one human being may not demand the life of another. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … The Plague by Albert Camus. There are to be no congratulations and toasts for Rambert's conversion. Learn and understand all of the themes found in The Plague, such as Human Suffering. The first half of Chapter 19 describes more fully the drugged state of general despondency, and brings us up to date on the principal characters. Plague offered crucial questions that had to be answered. The men in the stadium now do nothing and they are silent. They are a strange kind of trinity: Paneloux, Rieux, and Tarrou. The Plague is essentially a philosophical novel, meaning that it forwards a particular worldview through its plot and characterization. Camus could have, without seeming awkward, described a lengthy death scene long before this. Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria, on November 7, 1913, into a family of French-Algerian Pieds-Noirs. Title: Camus ~ The Plague (1947) 1 Camus The Plague (1947) The plague strikes Oran ; Setting is in the 1940s in Oran, a French port on the Algerian coast ; Oran is an ordinary, ugly, commercially-oriented place with an absurd lay-out (ML 23 VI 24). Eventually, though, the number of dead exceeds the capacity of the cemetery, so they utilize the old crematorium outside the gates, east of the town, employing an unused streetcar line to transport the dead to their final burning place. Rieux agrees. To keep house during her absence, his mother will join him soon. An oily, awful-smelling odor descends on that part of town. At the same time, he questions whether or not in the face of this growing futility, his decision to send his wife to a faraway mountain sanitarium was wise. Having spent Christmas 1959 with his wife and children in Provence, he set off for Paris driving a friend’s luxurious Facel Vega HK500. And indeed: For the first time since the beginning of the epidemic, the weekly number of deaths is decreasing. Then he suggests to his friend to go out for a swim in the sea. The authorities declare martial law. He has acted and has listened to his heart and his conscience. The concluding scene is, somehow, amusing — perhaps because it seems so apt. The lethargy refuses to lift itself from Oran. Either it is matter of fact or else mentioned in passing. Previously the city has been indiscriminately attacked. After this ghastly ordeal, Rieux turns to Father Paneloux in anger: How about this innocent child, did it also deserve to die? Another former patient, the modest and underpaid municipal clerk Joseph Grand, calls him because of his neighbor’s failed suicide attempt: Cottard has rather ambivalently tried to hang himself. And once at work he no longer supervised quiet last rites. Of all Camus’ novels, none described man’s confrontation – and cohabitation – with death so vividly and on such an epic scale as La Peste, translated as The Plague. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “The Plague” by Albert Camus. Now he remarks that he is saved from disastrous sentiment because of exhaustion. Rieux uses, as an analogy, soldiers held under continual fire and strain. Then, as if the bubonic plague wasn’t enough, it’s turning pneumonic, forcing the Prefect to issue new regulations against passing it from mouth-to-mouth. Some shrewd pub-owners advertise: “The best protection against infection is a bottle of good wine.” Yet the most miserable, it seems, are individuals like the journalist Rambert: He has left behind the woman he loves in Paris, finding himself exiled in a place full of strangers. A change has taken place once more in the social levels of Oran. For both of them, it is a rare and refreshing moment of complete happiness and friendship, a taste of the overwhelming beauty of life and nature. Dr. Richard proves in this chapter that even an educated physician can become as absurd as the plague. He, too, has ceased to feel alone in his sorrow and has assumed the civic burden of a plague fighter. Night is beautiful, yet flawed. The change in Paneloux, since his earlier sermon, is largely this: suffering does not necessarily imply punishment; it is for Christian good and offers a trial during which we must continue to believe in God's plan. But he deferred this scene until the reason for presenting it was crucial. Irrationality is generally denied. But there is something that still has a meaning.” That something, among other things, is to resist injustice, help your community and alleviate human suffering. Rieux is not an absolutist in his humanitarianism. In 1941, armed resistance began, with many young Frenchmen joining in disgust: One of their motives was the much-hated “horizontal collaboration,” a euphemism for sexual relationships between German men and French women desperate to feed themselves and their families. He can only believe that God has a reason that is unfathomable but that there exists a holy logic that must be trusted. In the army he has seen priests faced with Paneloux's dilemma. Plague: One Scientist's Intrepid Search for the Truth about Human Retroviruses and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS), Autism, and Other Diseases. Rieux warns his friend that his chances of surviving this adventure are one in three. The fall sky is pale and golden. He has been as steadfast in his struggle to cure as Rieux has been. The move takes everybody by surprise. If the church becomes distasteful, they turn to nature's logic and to mathematical chances and schemes. Paneloux's sermon linking sin with punishment will later be partially obliterated by a new philosophy after he is witness to the innocent suffering of this child in a schoolroom. Just as the populace looked for logic in the Church, in horoscopes, and superstitions, Richard (and the townspeople, we may assume, had he been allowed to inform them) hopes that an equation can be assumed concerning the plague's progress. At first, most restrictions remain in place. He fled to Lyon, where he married one of his many concurrent girlfriends – the pianist and mathematician Francine Faure – and moved to the Algerian coastal city of Oran with her. His helping Rieux stems from the monumental emergency situation and from his friendship and respect for the doctor. When coffins start running out, the corpses are flung into death pits and covered with layers of quicklime. At almost 44 he was the second-youngest author ever to receive the award, and the pressure to perform weighed on him. Nobody, not even Rieux, is willing to help him bend the rules and skip town. From now on small notices go up in inconspicuous parts of town, asking citizens to follow decent hygiene rules as well as to report the occurrence of fleas and unusual fevers to the authorities. Isolated riots are breaking out, and a special brigade shoots cats and dogs as possible carriers of the disease. Mass Market Paperback. He begins to construct sermons from his doubts. They agree on smuggling the journalist past the bribed sentries out of the locked town. Created by SparkNotes. Plague victims are dying alone, away from their families, and then buried without church services. The ambiguousness of his death is best interpreted as the result of a conscious will at work. Eventually he resolves to give in and join Tarrou’s relief effort for the time being. The next day Rieux receives the news of his wife’s passing. Now it is filled with people sparring for life. Rieux, an atheist, tells Rambert to claim his happiness and as a counterpoint, the mother of the two Spanish boys, a devout Catholic, gives Rambert essentially the same advice. The plague has begun its retreat. One infection immunizes a man from all other infections. Winter fails to freeze the plague germs but not the city's walls. Autumn is mild; a cool breeze replaces the hot shrill whistling of summer and the light is no longer blinding. Staring at the setting sun he seems resigned, lost, and asking for kind favors. The suspense is somewhat like the stadium fever of old Rome. In the streetcars, people are twisting their backs to avoid contact and thereby contagion. On January 4, 1960, he died in a car crash en route to the capital. The Plague, which propelled Camus into international celebrity, is both an allegory of World War II and a … But one day he visited his father in court, and that day changed his life: Tarrou became an ardent opponent of capital punishment. After German troops occupied all of France in November 1942, the Resistance eventually united behind de Gaulle. Both Tarrou and Rieux believe in and defend the value of each human individual. Orpheus' laments and Eurydice's vain appeals from Hell are ordinary, common Oranian acts. At first the child seems to be coming out of the illness, but then succumbs to it in horrible, prolonged agony, emitting a fierce cry followed by endless wailing. The first edition of the novel was published in 1947, and was written by Albert Camus. The second half of the chapter is quite different. We have the opportunity to know all of their reactions, which won't be first terrified impressions, but will come from hearts already seasoned to death and suffering. In this beautiful and haunting passage, Camus articulates what it feels like to be dealing with the plague. He has already suffered the fear of distrust and insecurity; the present despair of Oran makes him somewhat of an elder citizen. In the nearby village of Le Chambon, the Protestant pastor couple Magda and André Trocmé were engaged in saving thousands of Jews from the clutches of the Vichy government, and when confronted by the authorities, Trocmé’s answer was: “I do not know what a Jew is. There seems to be a strengthening of resistance even if it eventually fails. He’s feverish, and that same night he asks Rieux to burn his 50-page manuscript, containing the same opening sentence over and over again, in all conceivable variations. Tarrou's sympathy for the defendant was very much like that which Camus felt for a boatload of prisoners he saw in the Algerian port in 1938. And, like an older member of the community, he most enjoys hobnobbing with the younger set, walking at night, joining the flow of the crowds into theaters and coffeehouses. They can hear the sounds of life beyond the walls and, like Rambert, they have devised so many plans for escape. Plague didn’t change anyone. This lethargic state of mind lulls Grand into sentimentality; he talks of Jeanne more often and feels deeper remorse. Under the strain of growing deaths and the increasing ineffectiveness of his serum, he feels less and less competent. Again, the irony of natural beauty is played against natural ugliness and death. La Peste = The Plague, Albert Camus The Plague is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. He simply acted. Tarrou's realization that even idealistic social revolutions shoot down the old order hardened his resolve never to harm another human being. Death threateningly crackles around him and the priest knows that inoculations are never foolproof. At 20, he married a young bourgeois woman addicted to morphine, but the marriage failed miserably. Then, curiously, it allows itself to be more exactly diagnosed into two definite forms: pulmonary and bubonic. ― Albert Camus, quote from The Plague “They knew now that if there is one thing one can always yearn for, and sometimes attain, it is human love.” ― Albert Camus, quote from The Plague “The evil in the world comes almost always from ignorance, and goodwill can cause as much damage as ill … Strangely, the symptoms are not ordinary. The primary difference is the present lack of activity. Plague continues to multiply separation and exile. Wasn’t plague a thing of the past, something that befell only the poor and underdeveloped? The complicated liaison would later turn into outright hostility, as Camus was an anti-Stalinist at a time when it was not yet cool to be one. All people have a personal "something" that might seem ridiculous to anyone else, yet it is a kernel of their individuality. And he resolved to abdicate any cause that claimed human lives in some bogus pursuit of justice. They are like the sea in the sense that it is therapy for Rieux to swim; soon he and Tarrou will renew their determination and perseverance while swimming together, in rhythm. Yet in the end, we just have to trust in God, because the alternative would be worse. Winter approaches but the plague does not abate. Now his subject is primarily Cottard. The first-person narrator is unnamed but mostly follows Dr. Bernard Rieux.Rieux notices the sudden appearance of dying rats around town, and soon thousands of rats are coming out into the open to die. The father Tarrou describes to Rieux had, in Tarrou's words, a peculiarity: although he seldom traveled, he knew the arrival and departure times for all trains that stopped in Paris; in addition, he knew the changes that must be made if one wanted to go as far, say, as Warsaw. Yet here both sides wish Rambert to be honest and to be happy. The Plague Introduction The Plague, or La Peste in its original French, is a novel written by philosopher/writer Albert Camus in 1947. On the blackboard, like a Camus crest, is a half-obliterated equation. The Plague by Albert Camus Sunday, October 28, 2012. He most fears what many people do: solitude and the feeling of being an outsider. The pamphlet mentioned by the young deacon suggests that Paneloux is considering not only the plague's illness, but simple sickness itself. 4.3 out of 5 stars 10. Instead of a rowdy, spirited comradeship, there is a core of silent distrust; anyone may be carrying death within him. He is trapped within high, sealed city walls and he has tested their strength; they seem as sturdy as the plague. But this is Rieux's mind talking and he confesses that he has contradicted his statement by his actions. And Rieux adds his own, remarking that the crematory was blazing as merrily as ever; the plague seems as efficient as a civil servant, he says. The plague, for the present, offers life to Cottard. It is a chapter which gives us a full-length portrait of a dying child; it is also the record of Dr. Rieux's first witnessing of the entire last stages of the disease. His animal-like qualities include the importance of sex to him. I know only human beings.” Although Camus never explicitly said so, he was likely inspired by their humanity – tellingly, the village doctor in Chambon was a man named Rioux. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 308 pages and is available in Paperback format. 26 offers from £4.46. “The Plague” takes place in Oran, a city that Camus, as a son and partisan of its rival, Algiers, found tacky, shallow, commercial; treeless and soulless. Both men were confounded by the knowledge that these unfortunates had committed crimes and yet both Tarrou and Camus refused to assent to the verdict of punishment by death. The theme of lovers separated is exact, current realism. Everything is ready to go. “What makes my books a success is the same that makes them a lie for me.” A number of reviewers agreed, criticizing it as grey, heavy and dull. The path to attain peace, he says, is that of sympathy. The opera contains the identical elements that the citizens are experiencing. Camus’ message of responsibility and solidarity struck a chord with readers and made it his first commercial success. He finished a Master’s degree in Philosophy, joined and left the Communist Party. On the fourth day, the beasts come out in packs and city officials give orders to collect and burn them in the incinerator. No divine equation is possible, and so the logic of equations is almost obliterated. The utmost in abominable evil is exactly what he is witnessing: the suffering of a young innocent child — conclusive proof for him that the universe is irrational and indifferent to man. Another two weeks of waiting grate deeper into his residue of hope, and his long hours on the sanitation squad fatigue him but make him aware of the value of work versus a life of idleness. The people seem to need an external order that is reassuring. Albert Camus was working for the daily newspaper Paris-Soir when the Germans marched on Paris. One night, after a tiring day, Tarrou opens up to Rieux, telling him his life story: He grew up in an upper-middle class family, his father being a prosecuting attorney. Learn how the author incorporated them and why. ― Albert Camus, The Plague. The man is still moving peas back and forth from his saucepans, predicting that people will soon forget what’s happened and go about their lives. A quarantine camp is set up in the former municipal stadium, with hundreds of tents in the playing field and shower-baths installed under the stands. The mass conversion of Oranians to superstition has clothed them even on mild days in oil-cloth raincoats because two centuries previously doctors had recommended them. Free download or read online The Plague pdf (ePUB) book. A teacher discovered his talent and convinced the reluctant family that Albert should apply for a scholarship to pursue higher education. Finally, Rieux visits the old asthma patient again. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. The young boy, even though he is unsuccessful, wages his own small revolt against the plague. Soon he rose in the ranks of activists fighting the same cause, until he discovered that they, too, were sanctioning death, claiming that they were only doing this to build a new system devoid of murder. It is a fallacy to see the doctor as a valiant, asexual knight in surgeon's clothing. The universe is not always blatantly superior; it too has its moods and imperfections. The hospital is described as being pale green inside and the light as being like that of an aquarium. The father is sent to an isolation camp; the mother and daughter are confined to the quarantine hospital. Because Tarrou aids Rieux, he is often confused with the doctor. Even Rieux and his friends briefly join the crowds. When Raymond Rambert, a journalist working for a Paris daily, asks Rieux about the living conditions among the Arab population of the city, the doctor declines to comment, knowing full well that Rambert couldn’t publish the unqualified truth about it anyway. He now talks little about his plans of escape; no longer does he boast. And, more importantly, what to do in such a nightmarish situation? We find, rate and summarize relevant knowledge to help people make better decisions in business and in their private lives. It is little wonder that the opera is performed again and again, and is popular and successful during the season of plague. But to no one else has it been so instantly gratuitous. This is a fairly common irony, especially in this book, but here it is used as a transition into another incongruity. Father Paneloux A priest in Oran.. Raymond Rambert A Paris journalist trapped in Oran.. Joseph Grand A petty official, also a writer.. Cottard A criminal who hides from arrest in Oran.. M. Michel A concierge, the plague's first victim. bookmarked pages associated with this title. tags: anticipation, love, separation. Once Paneloux would have assured the congregation of the eternal happiness waiting as the wages of suffering. Yet they have a hard time processing that information. His serum is being lauded, but he has learned not to trust his enemy and maintains his defense and his revolt against the illogical visitor. The man begs the doctor not to report the incident to the police, but Rieux says it’s his duty to do so. . The concierge M. Michel flat out denies that there could be rats in the building. Word Count: 311. The other recoveries in Oran are, as Rieux says, against all the rules. Medical aid grows more meager. £4.68. After the first month of plague, the church authorities organize a week of prayer. It was not long after his "sin = punishment" sermon that the priest became a diligent member of Tarrou's plague fighters. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# The intention is clear: Don’t raise unwarranted alarm. Yet soon enough, the town is invaded by a repulsive mass of dying rats, often spurting blood and giving off agonizing death-cries in their last moments. Before the plague he had been another man, but now he has begun a letter to Jeanne, has demanded that Rieux burn years of accumulated manuscript. Paneloux was not alone in questioning his faith. The notebook passages concerning one of the isolation camps has an interesting twist. Even Dr. Rieux, you should remember, although he had treated victims for several months, had not fully experienced the plague's death throes until he watched the process take place within Jacques Othon.

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